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Anemia Statistics for Patient Populations

To help explain the prevalence of anemia, the education kit provides statistics related to anemia of chronic disease and other at-risk patients.

Older Adults & the Elderly
Fatigue, weakness and other anemia symptoms can be misconstrued as normal signs of old age, but neither anemia nor these symptoms are a natural part of aging and should receive meticulous medical attention.

  • 10% of persons aged 65 and older have anemia1
  • 50% of nursing home residents have anemia2
  • Anemic elderly are twice as likely tbe hospitalized for falls3

Cancer Patients
Cancer and its treatment can cause anemia by interfering with the body's production and regulation of red blood cells.

  • 80% of chemotherapy patients have severe anemia4-6
  • 550,000 people die from cancer each year7

Chronic Kidney Disease Patients
Anemia is a common and early complication of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and worsens as the disease progresses. An estimated 65 million American adults with hypertension8 and 17 million with diabetes9 are at increased risk for CKD and subsequently anemia.

  • 26 million Americans have chronic kidney disease10
  • 28% of mild CKD patients are anemic11
  • 87% of severe CKD patients are anemic11

Critically Ill Patients
Many factors contribute tanemia in critically ill patients including trauma, surgical blood loss, inflammation and nutritional deficiencies.

  • 50% of patients in the intensive care unit are anemic12
  • 75% of long-stay critically ill patients are anemic13,14

Women of Child-bearing Age
Iron deficiency anemia may be caused by heavy bleeding with normal menstruation. Anemia can also develop during pregnancy when some of the mother's iron is used by the growing fetus.

  • 12% of women aged 12-49 are iron deficient15
  • 20% of pregnant women in the U.S. have anemia16

People with Heart Disease
Hypertension can precipitate or worsen many established cardiovascular diseases, advancing the severity of anemia and congestive heart failure.

  • 17-48% of patients with heart failure have anemia17-19
  • 43% of hospitalized heart attack patients have anemia17
  • 65 million Americans suffer from hypertension8
  • 25.6 million people are diagnosed with heart disease20
  • 650,000 people die from heart disease each year7

People with Diabetes
The millions of Americans with diabetes are at increased risk for chronic kidney disease and subsequently anemia.

  • 17 million Americans have diabetes9
  • 33% of type 1 diabetics develop chronic kidney disease after fifteen years21

People with Rheumatoid Arthritis
People with rheumatoid arthritis may acquire iron deficiency anemia or anemia of chronic disease.

  • 2.1 million Americans have rheumatoid arthritis22
  • 30-60% of rheumatoid arthritis patients have anemia23-25

People with Chronic Health Conditions
Anemia often goes undetected because it is masked by symptoms of the disease with which it is associated; including chronic kidney disease, cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, HIV/AIDS, rheumatoid arthritis and inflammatory bowel disease. Treatments for some diseases such as cancer, hepatitis C and HIV/AIDS may alscause a patient tbecome anemic.26

Inflammatory Bowel Disease Patients
More than 1 million people in the United States have inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).

  • 10-72% of Crohn's disease patients have anemia26
  • 8-74% of ulcerative colitis sufferers have anemia26
  • 17-41% of all types of IBD patients have anemia26

People with HIV/AIDS
Causes of anemia for HIV and AIDS patients include the associated inflammation, reduced production or autoimmune destruction of red blood cells, treatment-induced anemia or vitamin B12 deficiency.

  • 30% of people with HIV have anemia27
  • 22% of HIV patients have treatment-related anemia28
  • 75-80% of people with AIDS have anemia27

Hepatitis C Patients
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections and their treatment can cause anemia for hepatitis C patients.

  • 3.2 million Americans have a chronic HCV infection29
  • 67% of hepatitis C patients have treatment-related anemia30

References